Kirschenbaum DS, Gierut KJ
Child Obes 2013 Oct;9(5):376-85
BACKGROUND: Various organizations published five sets of expert recommendations recently: 2007 Healthcare Organizations' Four Stage Model; 2006 Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines; 2008 The Endocrine Society Recommendations; 2009 Seven Step Model; and 2010 US Preventive Task Force Recommendations.
METHODS: We compared the recommendations' approaches and conclusions pertaining to four treatments (self-help groups, outpatient cognitive-behavior therapy [CBT], immersion CBT, and surgery).
RESULTS: All of the expert committees supported using intensive dietary, physical activity, and cognitive-behavioral counseling; two of the five groups discouraged reliance on educational interventions alone, and two of the groups explicitly promoted a stepped-care approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Greatest benefits may accrue by encouraging healthcare providers and parents to view medical management and education as foundations to change, but to pursue increasingly intensive viable options until overweight and obese children make clinically significant progress toward improved health and happiness.