Feldmann R, Weglage J, Frosch M
Klin Padiatr 2012 Jan;224(1):22-5
BACKGROUND: Children with Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) suffer from an intractable, burdensome skin disease that may result in cognitive as well as social and emotional problems.
PATIENTS: To assess cognitive problems in patients with EB, we investigated 20 affected children and adolescents, 6-17 years of age (mean: 10.8 years; SD: 3.4 years), and 24 healthy controls (6-15 years, mean: 10.9 years; SD: 3.0 years) for cognitive abilities. Additionally, parents were asked to assess social and emotional problems of their children.
METHODS: Patients and controls were assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scales. Parents completed Achenbach's Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), a parent-report measure on emotional and behavioural symptoms in children.
RESULTS: The mean scores of the young patients tested with WISC-R and WAIS-R showed no significant left shift if compared to healthy controls. Analyzing the subtypes of EB, however, considerable cognitive deficits were associated with recessive dystrophic EB (RDEB), severe generalized. Less social competence and more social and emotional problems were reported for the entire patient group.
CONCLUSIONS: Functional rehabilitation is required to increase not only the physical but the cognitive development of the severely affected children with RDEB. Children and adolescents with all subtypes of EB require therapeutic support regarding their social and emotional life.